- Extremely Hard: The hardest language to learn is: Polish – Seven cases, Seven genders and very difficult pronunciation. The average English speaker is fluent in their language at the age of 12, in contrast, the average Polish speaker is fluent in their language after age of 16.
- Very Hard: Finnish, Hungarian, and Estonian – The Ugric languages are hard because of the countless noun cases. However, the cases are more like English prepositions added to the end of the root word. However, anyone arguing Asian languages like Korean trump Uralic languages in complexity, really needs to hit the books and do more research.
- Simply Arduous: Ukrainian and Russian – Second language learners wrongly assume because these languages use a different script (Cyrillic) that it out ranks Polish. This is not objective, as an alphabet is only lets say 26 letters. It is really the pronunciation and how societies use the language that influences ranking. Ukrainian and Russian complex grammar and different alphabet, but easier pronunciation. (the Poles use a modified Latin alphabet which does not have a neat orthography fit to the sounds of their language). Slavic languages have sophisticated case and gender systems, also something that approximates a complex tense system with aspects of time-verb relationships.
- Challenging contender jockey for position: Arabic - Three baby cases which are like a walk in the park compared to the above, but the unusual pronunciation and flow of the language makes study laborious and requires cognitive diligence if you want to speak it.
- Fairly Hard: Chinese and Japanese - No cases, no genders, no tenses, no verb changes, short words, very easy grammar, however, writing is hard. But to speak it is very easy. Also intonations make it harder, but certainly not harder than Polish pronunciation. I know a Chinese language teacher in NYC that has even authored an the authoritative book on modern Mandarin says people pick up Chinese very easy. This same teacher, if multilingual yet could not learn Polish. I am learning some Chinese, it is not the hardest language maybe even one of the easiest language to learn. Despite prideful proclamations of armchair linguists, to verbalizes Asian languages in general are not top ranked by any measure. Try to learn some Chinese and Polish your self and you will see which is the hardest language.
- Average: French - lots of tenses, but not used and moderate grammar. German-only four cases and like five exceptions, everything is logical, of course.
- Easy: Spanish and Italian - People I know pick these up no problem, even accountants and technical people rather than humanistic language people.
- Basic to hard: English, no cases or gender, you hear it everywhere, spelling can be hard and British tenses you can use the simple and continues tense instead of the perfect tenses and you will speak American English. English at the basic level is easy but to speak it like a native it’s hard because of the dynamic idiomatic nature.
My name is Faila Pašić Bišić, and I am a Muslim. I was born in Slovenia, but all to often I am treated as a foreigner. As a second-class citizen I had to fight for the rights that were my birthright:
'Ignorance is a source of many prejudices and fears. I would like to see intercultural dialogue become part of the primary school curriculum so that young people become acquainted at that stage with people of different backgrounds. Ignorance, fear of the unknown, generalisation (stereotyping) are the source of all evil among people.'
Faila Pašić Bišić was born in Jesenice, into a Muslim family that had emigrated from Bosnia. She received little support from her teachers at school, but nevertheless managed to continue her education. She completed studies at Jesenice Secondary Business School and went on to graduate from Koper Business College. After graduating she was classed by the Employment Service as ‘difficult to employ’ on account of her wearing the Muslim headscarf. At that time it was not even possible to get a driving licence wearing the scarf, but she refused to let circumstances force her into anonymity. Filing a citizen’s initiative, she won the right for Muslim women to gain a driving licence, and her attendance at various courses and seminars (language, computers, public relations, principles and methods of global learning), gave her new knowledge that made her more self-confident as well as more competitive on the labour market. She is now employed as a business secretary.
Throughout this time, she employed values as a Muslim to undertake voluntary work, in particular with the Up charity organisation in Jesenice. She has taken part in seminars and conferences, becoming well known domestically and abroad. She works with schools, organising interactive workshops on the topic of human rights, the elimination of discrimination and the promotion of equal opportunities. Between 2005-2009 she took her workshops, using global learning methods, to over 100 schools across Slovenia.
She has deepened her knowledge of Arabic language, literature and culture through independent study. Her favourite sports activity is skating and she trains on a regular basis. Her knowledge of languages enables her to take part successfully in international projects, particularly those with a humanitarian focus. However, Faila is not simply a humanitarian. activist; she is a dedicated mother and wife, sensitive also to the pressures on children who have been the victims of the violence of war. Her voluntary work earned her the titles of ‘Volunteer of the Year’ and ‘Dobrotnica (Humanitarian) of the Year 2007’, and a nomination for ‘Slovenian Woman of the Year’. For her brave contribution to overcoming prejudices against Islam, she was chosen as one of the ‘faces’ of the European Year of Equal Opportunities for All in 2007. This year she is Ambassador of the European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion.
Sen noci svatojánské (1959)
Provinces of Poland.
hello from Silesia. we’re more beautifull than you can think.
“Firstly I would like to send greetings to all women who hold the banner of struggle against capitalism and imperialism and to say to them that our path is very long and hard and necessitates well thought out strategies.
We shouldn’t forget that the capitalist system oppresses and exploits women and takes away their human dignity. Therefore we must adhere to our values of humanity and progressive politics as well as remaining united and strong in the revolutionary left as the best means to achieve our ends.
This is the only path to attain freedom, equality and social justice for us, our families and our children.”
-Shireen Said of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) to the women of the world on International Women’s Day.
Girl With A Fan, Lagartera, Spain
Rome, Italy (by Fabrydippo76)
Beirut 2014 in black and white
Yeah, and the ship sailed from Kolkata in Bengal, which suffered a genocidal famine in WWII because the British were extracting so much capital from it. And who got the recovered silver in the end? The fucking British government.
HAPPY INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S DAY!!!
Eastern Bloc Cartoons: Krtek/Krteček
"Krtek was first to be seen in 1956 in Prague, when Zdeněk Miler wanted to create a children’s cartoon about how flax is processed. Miler wanted the cartoon to be understood in every country of the world, so he decided to use his daughters as voice actors, reducing the speech to short non-figurative exclamations in order to express the mole’s feelings and world perception. They also became the bottleneck of the creation process as they were the ones who got to see the whole film first, thus Miler was able to decide whether the message of the movie was able to get to children or not.”
Vahida Maglajlić – courageous heroine in the fight against Fascism
(Vahida Maglajlić was born in Banja Luka on 17 April 1907 as the oldest of ten children of the president of a Muslim sharia court. After graduating from a girls’ school, she wanted to continue her education, but her father insisted that she become a housewife. Through her brothers she came into contact with Marxism and the workers’ movement. She was one of the first women to participate actively in the movement and to become a member of the organisation “Women’s Movement”. She joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia on 1 May 1941. After the occupation of the kingdom of Yugoslavia and the formation of the independent state of Croatia, to which Bosnia & Herzegovina also belonged, she took an active part in the preparations for the organisation of a ceasefire. She joined the partisans in 1942 and became politically active. She supported the formation of the Anti-Fascist Front. Vahida died on 1 April 1943 in a village near Bosanski Novi after a surprise attack on the local brigade by the Germans. For a long time the medical school in Banja Luka bore her name, and it has only recently changed its name to Banja Luka Medical School. Two books have been written about this extraordinary woman: “Zapisi” in 2004, and “Moja porodica” in 2007.)
There have always been outstanding women who have influenced the course of history. They have fought for their rights in a male world, against restrictions of all kinds and traditional values imposed by society, and against unequal treatment and discrimination. Their achievements have changed the way we think.
Such personalities also existed in Bosnia & Herzegovina during the Second World War. No doubt because of the patriarchal society women were unfortunately not entrusted with major tasks. Tradition and conservative values meant that they were required to focus on their families rather than their own personal advancement. Vahida Maglajlić was one woman who showed that this did not need to be the case.
In spite of her origins in a wealthy, educated and well-off family in Banja Luka, Vahida Maglajlić soon realised that she could not be satisfied with the role of a housewife and that this was not her mission in life. While still young she joined “Women’s Movement”, an organisation for successful women, where she was very active, while not neglecting her role as the oldest sister in her own family. Her vital energy and strength were inexhaustible. She selflessly communicated her talent for the good and beautiful to her siblings and friends. At home she was the central focus and driving force within the family.
Her energy and flexibility came to the fore particularly in 1941 when Banja Luka and the country as a whole were preparing to rise up against the occupants, and many people required help and support. Banja Luka was a supply centre for partisans. The family house was transformed into a store and headquarters for the preparation of food and collection of clothing, ammunition and arms for the partisans. Vahida soon attracted the attention of the Fascists. She was arrested, tortured and interrogated, but she refused to capitulate and engineered her own escape, about which a number of version abound.
Posthumous people’s hero
Vahida Maglajlić fell into the hands of the Fascists and was buried on 1 April 1943 with twenty-seven other partisans in the village of Velika Rujiška. She was transferred shortly afterwards to the partisans’ cemetery in Banja Luka, where her grave can be visited today. She is the only Muslim woman in ex-Yugoslavia to have been declared a people’s hero.
Role model for Palestinian women
Her unbroken will in fighting Fascism was renowned far beyond the borders of ex Yugoslavia. Inspired by her courage and self-determination a Palestinian by the name of El Helou Mohamed wrote a leaflet about Vahida and put her face on the cover as an example to women in the Palestinian Liberation Organisation. He succeeded in this regard and Vahida was admired by freedom fighters throughout Palestine.
Fuck yeah Bosnian women.